Compton Tortoiseshell. contact The species has a flexible life cycle, which allows it to capitalize on favourable weather conditions. Posts about Gray Comma written by hpahaska. The gray comma has a wingspan between 1 5/8 and 2 inches. They feed primarily on tree sap in the early spring. ... Gray Comma (Polygonia progne) << Previous. You can also rear the caterpillars, join butterfly organizations, or participate in “citizen science” programs. It can be told from the Question Mark by its smaller size, more ragged wing outline, and "comma" on the underside of each hindwing; from the Gray Comma by the "comma" shape and by overall ventral coloration (see under Gray Comma). Eastern Comma. See more ideas about butterfly, beautiful butterflies, butterfly quotes. July 6, 2006. There is a small, silver L-shaped or comma-shaped mark in the center of the hindwing. Determined by a combination of upper hindwing black border wide with small yellow spots, underwing surfaces charcoal gray and heavily striated, silver-white "comma" on the under hindwing tapered at both ends. North Gower, ON 2012/03/22. Gray Comma (Polygonia progne) is a beautiful anglewing species of deciduous woodland habitats in eastern North America. July 27, 2005. To see where this butterfly has been reported, visit: The Ontario Butterfly Atlas Online. The Eastern Comma, in common with other "anglewings", has pronounced indentations along the wing margins. Gray Comma Polygonia progne: Genus Polygonia Subfamily True Brushfoots Family Brushfooted Butterflies All Massachusetts Species: ... Massachusetts Butterfly Atlas Website: More info: Butterflies of Massachusetts Website: Photo by Erik Nielsen - 8/18/2002 Pittsburg, NH : Top of Page. Seen from below, the hindwing "comma" marking of the gray comma (Polygonia progne) is L-shaped and narrows to a fine point at each end. The two “commas,” however, lack the question mark’s hyphen-like line over the three black forewing spots. The butterfly gets its name from the only white marking on its underside, which resembles a comma. It takes around 7-10 days to emerge into a butterfly. They feed on the undersides of leaves. Member of Family: Nymphalidae. Lest anyone be confused the “Big Year” is not a solo effort. The scalloped edges and cryptic colouring of the wings conceal hibernating adults amongst dead leaves, while the larvae, flecked with brown and white markings, bear close resemblance to bird droppings. However, it would enter hibernation if the stage coincides with the winter. It has a wingspan of up to 50mm with jagged edges to both fore and hindwings. During hibernation, their yellow-brown coloration keeps them hidden among dead leaves, working as an effective defense mechanism. The scales, whether muted or colorful, seem dusty if they rub off on your fingers. The border is lined with a few small yellow spots. Above, this species is similar to the Eastern and Gray Commas, but has very jagged wing margins and is more boldly marked with black including an often prominent black dot just above the dot nearest the trailing edge of the upper wing, a dot that is lacking or faint in the Eastern Comma and Gray Comma. | Wingspan: 1 3/4-2". Pale/Winter from - Nepean, ON 2011/04/27. The Gray Comma and the Eastern Comma are both found throughout the state in open woodlands and along roadsides through wooded areas. Florida Museum of Natural History Gainesville, FL 32611 352-846-2000 (Exhibits) The forewing has a dark outer edge with some black chevrons in it. Underside is gray-brown; outer half much lighter, frosted white or silver-gray. wisconsinbutterflies.org Gray Comma (Polygonia progne) << Previous. The pupa has a shelled-groundnut-like shape and color, with fine velvety protrusions all over the body. Gray Comma is among the "Switchers;" butterfly species which have been known to adopt non-native host plants (Table 3). As adults, the gray comma typically rests with wings closed, with only the camouflaged gray undersides showing. Silver spot at center of hindwing is fishhook-shaped. These individuals will hibernate. Call 1-800-392-1111 to report poaching and arson. Like the Eastern Comma, the Gray Comma has two seasonal forms, with the summer form being much darker on the hindwing. Dirt logging roads and camp sites in deciduous woods are good places to look for Gray Commas. | More than 700 species in North America north of Mexico, Wildflowers, Grasses and Other Nonwoody Plants, The 3 black forewing spots lack a black line above, Hindwing “comma” marking is L-shaped with tapered ends, “Comma” mark also lacks the additional dot of the question mark, Much grayer beneath than the eastern comma or question mark. The Eastern Comma is very similar above. Wing Span: 1 1/2 - 2 1/4 inches (3.9 - 5.7 cm). Above, the wings are orange with black margins and black dots, and a row of lighter spots in the margin of the hindwing. Breeding resident found in local colonies across the state. Gray Hairstreak Chrysalis cdn.butterflyatlas.org. We facilitate and provide opportunity for all citizens to use, enjoy, and learn about these resources. Polygonia c-album, the comma, is a food generalist (polyphagous) butterfly species belonging to the family Nymphalidae.The angular notches on the edges of the forewings are characteristic of the genus Polygonia, which is why species in the genus are commonly referred to as anglewing butterflies. They seem particularly fond of the semi-open Hawthorne grove at the western edge of the woods, where I have reliably found them every year for four years now. These butterflies fly in June through August. Shop for comma butterfly art from the world's greatest living artists. about. Common throughout the state, but probably more common in the northern counties. Painted Lady (Vanessa cardui): A small ( 2" max) migratory brushfoot butterfly. Note also that the forewing has a dark outer edge with several black chevrons in it. French common name: Polygone gris. Butterfly gardening, watching, and photography are rewarding avocations. North Gower, ON 2012/03/22. The Gray Comma over winters as an adult, breeds and has a new generation in June and early July, and then has a second generation in August and September that over winters. Gray comma butterfly (Polygonia progne) Great Basin fritillary butterfly (Speyeria egleis) Great spangled fritillary butterfly (Speyeria cybele) Green comma butterfly (Polygonia faunus) Gulf fritillary butterfly (Agraulis vanillae) Hackberry emperor butterfly (Asterocampa celtis) Hoary comma butterfly … This butterfly is very similar to the more numerous Eastern Comma, and care should be taken to distinguish the two. The gray comma is more local in occurrence than either the eastern comma or the question mark. If a predator or other enemy approaches, they wave both ends of their bodies from side to side. Green Comma. Gray Comma is a woodland butterfly, found at Fermilab in the "Big Woods" (ELM-24) on the western part of the site. Yellowstone S.P., Lafayette Co., WI. The dot nearest the trailing edge of the upper wing is usually nonexistent in the Gray Comma, very faint in the Eastern Comma, and dark and obvious in the Green Comma and the Satyr Comma. In the lighter, fall/spring form of the Gray Comma, there are usually only two noticeable dark spots. The spines are blackish. Beneath, the color is charcoal gray and finely streaked with dark lines. Similar species: The gray comma (Polygonia progne) may be slightly smaller overall, but like the eastern comma, its three forewing spots are not topped by a black line. Location: Black Forest Tr, PA. Photo by Betty Steil. Comma butterflies are a small genera of brushfoots found primarily in wooded areas of the United States. It is typically found in woodland areas, especially along creeks and on brushy slopes. Find local MDC conservation agents, consultants, education specialists, and regional offices. The Eastern Comma usually has a dark spot in the middle of the hindwing that is not present in the Gray Comma. When resting with wings closed this butterfly has excellent camouflage, the jagged outline of the wings giving the appearance of a withered leaf, making the butterfly inconspicuous when resting on a tree trunk or when hibernating. Butterflies, skippers, and moths belong to an insect order called the Lepidoptera — the "scale-winged" insects. But here are extra clues: the eastern comma can be slightly larger, and its wings are less noticeably streaked. Therefore, they might show up in residential areas with wooded areas that host those types of trees. Dark/Summer form - Pelham, ON 2013/06/26. Comma The Comma is a fascinating butterfly. Comma butterflies can be identified by their prominent orange and dark brown/black dorsal wings. The underside of the Gray Comma is charcoal gray with fine dark striations; forewing with 3-4 light arrows in a dark border. If you love butterflies, there are many ways to increase your enjoyment. | This marking is often used as the key identifying characteristic. Apparently this serves to deter predators. Hoary Comma. [The photo above is] a female Satyr comma I saw this spring. If you can find wounded trees dripping sap, you'll find both gray and eastern commas as … The Comma butterfly is a common British butterfly and one of the most easily identified species when seen settled. Caterpillars eat native gooseberry species and are also reported on azaleas. As explained on the Eastern Comma page, we are retaining the common name as Gray Comma, as opposed to Gray Anglewing, as is used on the Butterflies of America website. Northern Kettle Moraine State Park, Fond du Lac Co., WI. The Gray Comma is a medium-sized butterfly with a bright orange and brown on the top of the wings and a darker border on the hind wing. Many of these activities contribute to butterfly conservation, so they are things that you can feel good about. Caterpillars are yellowish brown with dark markings. The numbers and abundance of individuals of these species varies from year to year. Butterflies, in their different life stages, have many ways of avoiding predators. Note the missing end of the comma. These mate and lay eggs, which hatch into caterpillars and become the summer-form adults. Winter-form adults overwinter in hibernation and emerge in springtime. © 2021 Two broods. With Green and Eastern Commas, the comma marks on the females sometimes lack the barbs on the ends, leading people to mis-identify them as Gray Commas. Below, the silvery comma is very thin and is pointed at both ends. Adults may occasionally visit flowers, but they prefer tree sap and decaying fruit. Milbert's tortoiseshell is simply stunning, with a wide orange band of color … We protect and manage the fish, forest, and wildlife of the state. The Gray Comma may be told from all the other anglewings by its grayish underwing color and tapered, L shaped, unbarbed "comma" mark on the hindwing beneath. Gray Comma, Eastern Comma, and Question Mark are informally called "anglewings," referring to the irregular wing margins. French common name: Polygone gris. Milbert's Tortoiseshell. Adults fly spring through fall, and overwintering adults may emerge from their resting places and fly around on warm winter days. Holding on with only the middle pairs of prolegs, they bend the front half of their body to the side and lift the rear end into the air. Next >> Crysler, ON 2014/08/23. Their eggs then hatch, grow as caterpillars, pupate, and emerge at new winter-form adults in October. Viewed from above, the dark border of gray commas varies by season: in summer, the border is quite wide, but the winter form has it narrower, covering only about a fourth of the wing. The Eastern Comma has markings that look like a comma (,) on the underside of its hindwings. The dorsal hindwing of the gray comma lacks the central dark smudge that is present on the eastern comma. Open woodlands, woodland edges, and along roadsides and trails through wooded areas. The dot nearest the trailing edge of the upper wing usually does not have any faint spot above it. Members of this family have the first pair of legs small, brushlike, and held against the body, so they perch and walk only with their back two pairs of legs, making them appear four-legged. Member of Family: Nymphalidae. These living jewels have tiny, overlapping scales that cover their wings like shingles. Reported on azaleas approaches, they might show up in residential areas with wooded areas also reported azaleas. 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